In some sense, each one of us has hemorrhoids which are usually pillow-like clusters of blood veins that lie just below the mucous membrane lining the anus and the rectum. The condition is also known as piles and develops when these veins happen to swell and distend as the blood vessels continually fight gravity when the blood is flowing up to the heart.
There are two types of hemorrhoids; internal ones and external ones. The internal ones develop in the lower rectum while the external occur beneath the skin on the anus region. The external hemorrhoids are the most painful and quite uncomfortable. The overlying skin is easily irritated and erodes making the condition painful. When a blood clot occurs in this type of hemorrhoid the pain is sudden and sharp. A lump which can be felt or seen forms around the anus. After some time, the clot dissolves leaving a skin tag which is itchy or irritating.
However, the internal hemorrhoids are usually painless and but bleeding. The bleeding can be observed on a toilet paper or drops into the toilet basin. This type of hemorrhoids may go beyond the anus area (prolapse) causing numerous potential problems. If a hemorrhoid protrudes, it may take small amounts of tiny stool particles and mucus causing irritation; a condition known as pruritus ani.
Causes of hemorrhoids
Traditionally, the cause of hemorrhoids was linked to straining in bowel movements, chronic constipation and extended sitting on the toilet bowl. These causes affect the blood flow enlarging blood vessels and pooling the blood around the area. The same condition is common during pregnancy as the widening uterus press on the blood veins.
Recent studies show that patients with hemorrhoids have a tighter soft muscle of the anal tube even without straining. Additionally, constipation causes more trouble, since straining in bowel movement pushes the hemorrhoids towards the sphincter muscle. Finally, hemorrhoids prolapse when the connective tissues that hold and support the hemorrhoids in position weaken with age.
Hemorrhoids are diagnosed through a simple physical examination and medical history. However, external hemorrhoids are normally apparent, particularly if a lump has formed. In some cases, a digital rectal examination may examine blood drops in the stool. Using an endoscope (a short plastic tube), which is inserted in the rectum with lighting. In case rectal bleeding or traces of blood are found in the stool, colonoscopy may be done to know the cause of bleeding.
How to get rid of hemorrhoids
Here is a natural method to relief hemorrhoids:Use Rubber band ligation- it is a common way in which a rubber band is placed around the bottom of the hemorrhoid. The band makes the hemorrhoid shrink, the surrounding tissues scar and holds the hemorrhoid in place as it heals. Within a period of 6 to 8 weeks, with two to four procedures the hemorrhoid will be completely eliminated.
Hemorrhoidectomy- this is an old type of surgery done to eliminate internal hemorrhoids and also to remove external hemorrhoids that might have persisted despite rubber band ligation. The surgery involves removing blood vessels that are causing hemorrhoids, mainly between the internal and external hemorrhoid tissue.
Stapled hemorrhoidopexy- this is used to treat bleeding internal hemorrhoids. A stapling device is used to anchor the internal hemorrhoids back to their normal position. It has proved to be the most effective method to eliminate hemorrhoids.
Home treatment procedures include: eating food with high fiber content e.g. broccoli, beans, whole grians,fruits and wheat, moderate exercise, applying home treatments and creams to treat clots and sitz (a German word for a warm water bath for the buttocks)